Mayella's father, Robert E. Lee Ewell, then testifies that he found Tom Robinson raping his daughter. The children's initial reaction to Tom's guilty verdict is one of hurt, anger, and disbelief. However, she insists that he never lays a hand on her or beats her. Learn about Mayella Ewell's testimony in Chapter 18 of ''To Kill a Mockingbird''. Subscribe now. Then, Tom saw Bob Ewell in the window yelling at Mayella. I would definitely recommend Study.com to my colleagues. This is a major turning point for Scout, as she begins to understand the horrible and lonely situation that both Mayella and Tom are in. Tom fled. However, when he then raised his right arm to give the oath, the left arm slipped off. Youve successfully purchased a group discount. Mayella begins to cry, claiming that she is afraid of Atticus. What happens on Scout and Jems walk home from the harvest pageant? In Chapter 11, Atticus shoots a mad (rabid) dog in the street. From her testimony, the courtroom observers learn that her family lives in poverty, and she takes care of the house and her seven brothers and sisters. M.A. Atticus Finch, Tom Robinson's attorney, gets Ewell to agree that Mayella's injuries were on her right side. As she struggled, her father appeared at the window, calling Mayella a whore and threatening to kill her. You may cancel your subscription on your Subscription and Billing page or contact Customer Support at firstname.lastname@example.org. After that, Tom begins his testimony by explaining that he walks past Mayella Ewell's house every day on his way to and from work. Tom says he just wants to help because he feels bad for her. "His left arm was fully twelve inches shorter than his right, and hung dead at his side." Why does Dolphus Raymond hide Coca-Cola in a brown paper bag? Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan! Struggling with distance learning? She lied to protect herself. ENGLISH/LANGUAGE ARTS. However, she insists that he never lays a hand on her or beats her. She then started to kiss him. Read more about how the tone of the book changes in these chapters. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Even though she is a child, Scout understands that Mayella's outrage at being treated with courtesy indicates that she is not usually treated kindly. Mayella Ewell is pitiable, and her miserable existence almost allows her to join the novels parade of innocent victimsshe, too, is a kind of mockingbird, injured beyond repair by the forces of ugliness, poverty, and hatred that surround her. Mayella Ewell's red geraniums also carry an important meaning. Scout believes he was just doing his job. By entering your email address you agree to receive emails from SparkNotes and verify that you are over the age of 13. Renew your subscription to regain access to all of our exclusive, ad-free study tools. During the trial Tom had told his side of the story and it goes like this. When Mayella says that Tom hit her on the right side of her face, Atticus Finch has Tom stand to show that his injured left arm is useless. The trial continues, with the whole town glued to the proceedings. Similarly, in defending Tom Robinson, Atticus tries to protect the community from its most dangerous, racist tendencies. Harper Lee published To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Analysis: Chapters 18-19. Atticus questions Mayella, but first asks her some background questions to show the jury what kind of family she comes from. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Mr. Gilmer opens by asking Tom about his disorderly conduct charge again. to start your free trial of SparkNotes Plus. After the trial is over, Atticus feels discouraged by the outcome, but he is not beaten by it. Dill and Jem yawned when Mayella finished testifying. Mayella Violet Ewell's Testimony: On November 21st, Mayella explained that she was sitting on the front porch doing nothing. Margaret has taught both college and high school English and has a master's degree in English from Mississippi State University. He is a pillar of the community who is elected to the legislature every term unopposed. Harper Lee, author of To Kill a Mockingbird. on 50-99 accounts. Bob Ewell is a character in the book To Kill a Mocking Bird. When Jem and Scout set off through the woods to the high school for the harvest pageant, they begin a journey that is long in a figurative sense, for the events that occur that night will change their lives forever. While initially the reader might assume Jem broke his arm through innocent childhood games, by the end of the novel we understand the darker, more complicated truth behind the accident. Eventually, she does say that Tom hit her in the face. While he was getting the box, Mayella knocked Tom to the floor and asked him to kiss her. He states that Mayella had asked him for some help inside with a door that has some broken hinges. He then asked Mayella where all her little brothers and sisters were, as they were usually running about whenever he came around. Chapter 18 of To Kill a Mockingbird is significant because it allows a deeper understanding of Mayella Ewell. The grim facts of Mayella Ewell's life emerge in her testimony and in Jem's observations of her. Read more about why the jury finds Tom Robinson guilty. As they walk, Scout and Dill encounter Mr. Dolphus Raymond, the rich white man with the Black mistress and mixed-race children. It is at this point that Scout realizes how "poor and ignorant" Mayella really is. He comes over and says he understands why Dill is upset. Previous testimony has shown that Bob Ewell is ambidextrous, and the courtroom has seen that Tom could not strike her on the right side given the condition of his left arm. He begins to badger the witness, asking about his motives for always helping Mayella with her chores, until Tom declares that he felt sorry for her. 90 lessons Your group members can use the joining link below to redeem their group membership. Explain why Tom's testimony has the effect of making Scout feel sympathetic towards Mayella. The trial takes place in the county courthouse in Maycomb, Alabama, and is in the small town's spotlight, so both the town and the courthouse are packed with spectators. Mayella went to school for a few years but none of her eight siblings go, and their mother is dead. What details about her home life are particularly sad? He was trying to figure out why when Mayella asked him to come to the porch. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Tom shows here that hes a kind and empathetic individual, and that he recognized Mayellas humanity and sought to respect it by helping her. Reluctantly, Tom remembers Bob told Mayella 'you goddamn whore, I'll kill ya.' Under questioning, Ewell admits that he can use either hand equally well, indicating that he might be the person who beat Mayella. Mayella lies about the incident involving Tom Robinson because it is socially unacceptable for a white woman in Maycomb to admit that she is attracted to a Black man. But because of Boos limitations, his interactions must take a remote form. He treats everyone on the stand with the same respect, no matter who they are or where they come from. She takes Dill under the trees, and Dill explains he couldn't stand how Mr. Gilmer was treating Tom. I mean, yes I do, he hit me.". Log in Join. Although she is a mean, racist neighbor, Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose teaches the children a lesson in courage. Continue to start your free trial. I feel like its a lifeline. Accessed 1 Mar. Aunt Alexandra also believes that Scout needs to be taught to be a perfect Southern lady who knows how to wear a dress, serve tea, and converse with other women. Her father shouted at Mayella, calling her a whore and threatening to kill her. Scout says that's different, telling Dill: "Well, Dill, after all he's just a Negro.". In years since, the book has sold over 40 million copies and has become a cultural touchstone for students learning about racial injustice. Atticus does this to establish Tom's credibility with the jury. They. This is where Chapter 19 comes to an end. for a customized plan. "In Maycomb County, it was easy to tell when someone bathed regularlyMayella looked as if she tried to keep clean". Why didn't they come running? Despite his reclusive nature, Boo engages the Finch children in a more generous and kind way than many of the other adults that they encounter. Do not include articles. He could not have caused the types of injuries Mayella had without the use of his left arm. He has served as a social studies teacher and has created content for Ohio's Historical Society. When Tom climbs up on a chair to reach the box, Mayella knocks him to the ground. At this point, Dill is crying loudly and Scout must take him outside. Why does Mayella Ewell lie on the witness stand? Outside the courtroom, Dill complains to Scout about Mr. Gilmers rude treatment of Tom Robinson during the questioning. Mayella just says that she was taken advantage of, and if the upper class gentlemen won't prosecute Tom, they are cowards. In likening Tom's manners to Atticus's, Harper Lee more clearly reveals racial tensions at the heart of the case. When she tells Atticus that she screamed, he asks where the children were. When Tom repeats Mayellas insistence that what Mr. Ewell does to her doesnt count, it heavily implies that Mr. Ewell sexually abuses Mayella. It shows that Tom is truthful and has nothing to hide. This episode serves two important purposes in the novel. Mr. Link Deas says, "I just want the whole lot of you to know one thingThat bots worked for eight years an I ani't had a speck o' trouble outa him". At that point, Mr. Ewell appeared at the window and started shouting at Mayella. Then, draw an arrow to the word or word group that each adjective phrase or adverb phrase modifies. He calls her Miss and Ma'am; she has never been spoken to this politely by anyone. The most obvious reason justice isnt served is because the jurys overwhelming racism prevents Tom from getting a fair trial. All rights reserved. "She was even lonelier than Boo RadleyWhen Atticus asked had she any friends, she seemed not to know what he meantShe was sad..". Why does Aunt Alexandra move into the Finch household? Atticus asks whether or not a doctor had been called for the rape victim, and he also asked about the specific location of her injuries. Continue to start your free trial. Mayella had allegations against Tom Robinson. Latest answer posted April 07, 2021 at 1:49:28 PM. The jury specifically, and the town of Maycomb generally, destroy a good person who has never done harm simply because of the color of his skin. When Atticus calls Mayella "ma'am," she accuses him of making fun of her. The mockingbird is a songbird, not a pest, and it isn't a game bird. In the following sections, the To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 19 summary is broken down into several sections: a summary of the previous chapter, the events as Tom Robinson takes the stand, his testimony, the cross examination, and the children's reactions. Creating notes and highlights requires a free LitCharts account. Calling Tom boy and accusing him at every turn, the racist Mr. Gilmer believes that Tom must be lying, must be violent, must lust after white womensimply because he is black. Scout associates this with the red geraniums she tries to grow to bring a bit of beauty into her life. Tom explains it was unusually quiet when he passed the Ewell house. You'll be billed after your free trial ends. All rights reserved. When Mr. Deas stands up for Tom, it shows Scout that theres another person in town whos not racist and whos willing to courageously stand up for whats right, even if he knows hell get thrown out. He has a bachelor's degree in history from The Ohio State University. Tom Robinson has been convicted for a previous crime. What on earth was her life like? Discount, Discount Code Atticus pleads with Mayella to admit that there was no rape, that her father beat her. After calming down, Mayella begins her story. People didn't respect her because of her class, and you can tell Mayella is not used to being respected because in court Atticus calls Mayella "ma'am and miss" (DBQ Mayella, 15) and Mayella gets mad. After taking the stand, Mayella tells Mr. Gilmer, the prosecutor, that she is nineteen years old. Why does Dolphus Raymond hide Coca-Cola in a brown paper bag? Mayella does not confess that her father, Bob Ewell, was actually the person who beat her up. However, when he tries to raise his right hand, his left falls off the Bible. They are beginning to see the world as it truly is. When Atticus Finch attempts to question her, she cries because she is afraid of him. Mayella lived in a time when Class, race, and gender were a big controversy. TKAM Trial Evidence Chart: Chapters 17-19 Witness Testimony Children's Reaction My Reaction Heck. What question does Mayella have a difficult time answering? In this regard Scout, unlike Dill, has yet to learn to question what society has taught her about the placement of African Americans. "Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit 'em, but remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird." To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter Summaries: Part 2, Psychological Research & Experimental Design, All Teacher Certification Test Prep Courses, Chapter 18 To Kill a Mockingbird: Trial Background, To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 18: Summary, To Kill a Mockingbird Overview & Analysis, To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter Summaries: Part 1, Teaching To Kill a Mockingbird: Guide & Resources, Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9 Common Core Edition: Online Textbook Help, Common Core ELA - Informational Text Grades 9-10: Standards, CLEP Analyzing & Interpreting Literature: Study Guide & Test Prep, Technical Writing Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, AP English Literature Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, Study.com SAT Writing & Language Test Section: Review & Practice, AP English Language Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, NMTA Essential Academic Skills Subtest Writing (002): Practice & Study Guide, Tom Robinson's Trial & Death in To Kill a Mockingbird, To Kill a Mockingbird: Setting & Time Period, Tom Robinson in To Kill a Mockingbird: Character, Analysis & Quotes, Jem Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird: Character, Traits & Quotes, Bob & Mayella Ewell in To Kill a Mockingbird: Character, Analysis & Quotes, Calpurnia in To Kill a Mockingbird: Character, Traits & Quotes, Boo Radley in To Kill a Mockingbird: Character, Analysis & Quotes, To Kill a Mockingbird: Summary, Analysis and Quotes, Gender Prejudice in To Kill a Mockingbird: Examples & Quotes, Figurative Language & Metaphors in To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird: Character, Traits & Quotes, To Kill a Mockingbird: Themes, Symbols & Imagery, Courage in To Kill a Mockingbird: Examples & Quotes, To Kill a Mockingbird: Characters, Setting & Author, Working Scholars Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. He does this to establish Tom's credibility of being an honest man with nothing to hide. In her cross-examination, we learn Mayella is nineteen and her family receives relief checks, but there isn't enough food to go around; her father seems to be a drunkard.